What is IAM in AWS and How to Create user in IAM

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What is IAM in AWS and How to Create user in IAM

What Is IAM?

AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM) is a web service that helps you securely control access to AWS resources for your users. You use IAM to control who can use your AWS resources (authentication) and what resources they can use and in what ways (authorization).

IAM Features

IAM gives you the following features:

Shared access to your AWS account

You can grant other people permission to administer and use resources in your AWS account without having to share your password or access key.

Granular permissions

You can grant different permissions to different people for different resources. For example, you might allow some users complete access to Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2), Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3), Amazon DynamoDB, Amazon Redshift, and other AWS services. For other users, you can allow read-only access to just some S3 buckets, or permission to administer just some EC2 instances, or to access your billing information but nothing else.

Secure access to AWS resources for applications that run on Amazon EC2

You can use IAM features to securely give applications that run on EC2 instances the credentials that they need in order to access other AWS resources, like S3 buckets and RDS or DynamoDB databases.

Multi-factor authentication (MFA)

You can add two-factor authentication to your account and to individual users for extra security. With MFA you or your users must provide not only a password or access key to work with your account, but also a code from a specially configured device.

Identity federation

You can allow users who already have passwords elsewhere—for example, in your corporate network or with an Internet identity provider—to get temporary access to your AWS account.

Identity information for assurance

If you use AWS CloudTrail, you receive log records that include information about those who made requests for resources in your account. That information is based on IAM identities.

PCI DSS Compliance

IAM supports the processing, storage, and transmission of credit card data by a merchant or service provider, and has been validated as being compliant with Payment Card Industry (PCI) Data Security Standard (DSS). For more information about PCI DSS, including how to request a copy of the AWS PCI Compliance Package, see PCI DSS Level 1.

Integrated with many AWS services

For a list of AWS services that work with IAM, see AWS Services That Work with IAM.

Eventually Consistent

IAM, like many other AWS services, is eventually consistent. IAM achieves high availability by replicating data across multiple servers within Amazon’s data centers around the world. If a request to change some data is successful, the change is committed and safely stored. However, the change must be replicated across IAM, which can take some time. Such changes include creating or updating users, groups, roles, or policies. We recommend that you do not include such IAM changes in the critical, high-availability code paths of your application. Instead, make IAM changes in a separate initialization or setup routine that you run less frequently. Also, be sure to verify that the changes have been propagated before production workflows depend on them.

Free to use

AWS Identity and Access Management is a feature of your AWS account offered at no additional charge. You will be charged only for use of other AWS products by your IAM users.

AWS Security Token Service is an included feature of your AWS account offered at no additional charge. You are charged only for the use of other AWS services that are accessed by your AWS STS temporary security credentials.

Accessing IAM

You can work with AWS Identity and Access Management in any of the following ways.

  • AWS Management Console
  • AWS Command Line Tools
  • AWS SDKs
  • IAM HTTPS API

To create an administrator user for yourself and add the user to an administrators group (console)

  1. Use your AWS account root user email address and password to sign in as the to the IAM console at https://console.aws.amazon.com/iam/
  1. IAM user
  2. In the navigation panel, choose Users and then choose Add user.
  3. For User name, type a user name, such as Administrator.

IAM Create userNote: The name can consist of letters, digits, and the following characters: plus (+), equal (=), comma (,), period (.), at (@), underscore (_), and hyphen (-). The name is not case sensitive and can be a maximum of 64 characters in length.

4. Select the check box next to AWS Management Console access, select Custom password, and then type your new password in the text box. If you’re creating the user for someone other than yourself, you can optionally select Require password reset to force the user to create a new password when first signing in.

5. Choose Next: Permissions.

6. On the Set permissions for user page, choose Add user to group.

IAM add group7. Choose Create group.

8. In the Create group dialog box, type the name for the new group.

Note: The name can consist of letters, digits, and the following characters: plus (+), equal (=), comma (,), period (.), at (@), underscore (_), and hyphen (-). The name is not case sensitive and can be a maximum of 128 characters in length.

9. In the policy list, select the check box next to AdministratorAccess. Then choose Create group.

10.Back in the list of groups, select the check box for your new group. Choose Refresh if necessary to see the group in the list.

11. Choose Next: Review to see the list of group memberships to be added to the new user. When you are ready to proceed, choose Create user.

IAM reviewYou can use this same process to create more groups and users and to give your users access to your AWS account resources.

Note: As a best practice, do not use the AWS account root user for any task where it’s not required. Instead, create a new IAM user for each person that requires administrator access. Then make those users administrators by placing the users into an “Administrators” group to which you attach the AdministratorAccess managed policy. Before give Root access refer this URL to get which service/task required Root Access

IAM User Sign-In Page:

Your unique account sign-in page URL is created automatically when you begin using IAM. You do not have to do anything to use this sign-in page.

https://My_AWS_Account_ID.signin.aws.amazon.com/console/

You can also customize the account sign-in URL for your account if you want the URL to contain your company name (or other friendly identifier) instead of your AWS account ID number.

More: How to Mount S3 Bucket on Amazon EC2

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